Cranmer and the English Reformation

Thomas Cranmer [1490-1540]
Thomas Cranmer [1490-1540]
The following public domain book is now available in PDF:

Arthur D. Innes [1863-1938], Cranmer and The Reformation in England. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1900. Hbk. pp.199.

Click here to download.

Cranmer and The Reformation in England

Table of Contents

Preface
Chronological Tables

Chapter I
Prologue: Unrest
Pioneers of the Reformation – Europe in the Fifteenth Century – The New Learning – Savonarola – State of England – The Supplicacyon for the Beggers – Ecclesiastical Corruption – Its Causes – Special Conditions in England – Motive Force
for Reformation

Chapter II
Prologue: The Scholars’ Movement, 1496-1529
Colet Lectures at Oxford – The New Method – Characteristics – Erasmus at Oxford – Colet Dean of St. Paul’s – Accession of Henry VIM – Erasmus and More – The Utopia – Religion in Utopia– — Characteristics of the Scholars – The New Testament of Erasmus – The Extirpation of Heresy – Colet’s Address to Convocation – The Reformation Intended . . .

Chapter III
Prologue: The Lutheran Revolt, 1517- 1530
Luther and Erasmus – The Meaning of Luther – Luther and Tetzel – Luther and the Papal Bull – The Diet of Worms – The Edict of Worms – The Heads of the Christian States – The Peasants’ War – The Papal Elections – Political Consequences – The Diet of Spires – The Sack of Rome – The Protest of Spires – The Schnialkaldic League, and After – The Zurich
Reformers – The Augsburg Confession

Chapter IV
A Tender Conscience: 1503-1529
Henry VIII – His Marriage with Catherine of Aragon – The Dispensation – A Conscience Undisturbed – A Conscience Awakened – Views on the Nullity of the Marriage – First Steps for “Divorce” – Their Failure – The New Method

Chapter V
The King’s Instruments
Cranmer at Cambridge – The Discovery of Cranmer – The Bearing of his Theory of the Divorce – The King and the Scholar – The Training of a Primate – Thomas Cromwell – His Char-acter – Italy: the “Prince” – Cromwell the Adventurer – Cromwell and Wolsey – Cromwell and Henry

Chapter VI
The Supreme Head: 1529-1534
Aspects of Henry’s Reformation – It was not Doctrinal – Papal Supremacy – The Divorce and the Universities – Cranmer made Archbishop – Act in Restraint of Appeals – Cranmer pronounces the Divorce – Papal Condemnation thereof – Annates Act – Reformation Parliament – First Acts against Abuses – Heresy-Hunting – The Clergy under Preemunire¬ – The “Supremacy” Clause – The Supplication against the Ordinaries – The Bill of Wards – Answers of Convocation – “Submission of the Clergy” – Resignation of Thomas More – Benefit of Clergy – Effects of the Legislation – Its Character

Chapter VII
The Hand Of Cromwell: 1534-1540
Legislation of 1534 – Act of Succession – More and Fisher refuse the Oath – Further Legislation, 1534-5 – Execution of More and Fisher – Cranmer and the King’s Victims – Cromwell Vicar-General – The Monastic System – Corruption of the Monasteries – Previous Evidence – The Evidence before Parliament – The First Visitation and Suppression – The Pilgrimage of Grace – Completion of the Suppression – Tuning the Pulpits – Fall of Cromwell

Chapter VIII
Fidei Defensor: 1529-1547
Cranmer and Royal Supremacy – Freedom of Conscience – Henry’s Views on Authority – Restraint of Superstitious Practices – Translation of Scripture – Suppression of Heresy – Tyndale’s Bible – Coverdale, Matthew, and the Great Bible – Proposed Revision – The English Litany – The Ten Articles – The Bishops’ Book – The German Protestants – The Six Articles – Celibacy – The King’s Book – Discussions on the Sacraments and on Orders – The Rationale – Death and Character of Henry

Chapter IX
Affairs on the Continent: 1530-1563
The German Modus Vivendi – Henry VIII holds aloof – The Polit¬ical Riddle – Growth and Fall of the Schmalkaldic League – Demand for a General Council – Difficulty of summoning one – The Diet of Ratisbon – Council summoned at Trent – Ignatius Loyola – The Jesuit System – Calvin and Calvinism – The Position in 1547 – Maurice of Saxony – From the Peace of Augsburg to 1563

Chapter X
josiah: 1547-1549
The New Government – Gardiner in Opposition – Theories of the Eucharist – Justification – Purgatory – Celibacy – Images – The Plan of Campaign – The Homilies – The Paraphrase – The Visitation – Imprisonment of Gardiner and Bonner – Legislation of Edward’s First Year – War against Images – Suppression of Preaching – New Order of Communion – The
First Prayer-Book

Chapter XI
The Puritan Eddy: 1549-1553
Weakness of Edward’s Government – Reform and Plunder – The Western Rising – Ket’s Rising – Fall of Somerset – Swiss Influences – Ridley – Alasco – Hooper and Knox – Cranmer and the Eucharist – Aggressive Reformers – Nonconformity – “Reformatio Legum” – Second Act of Uniformity – Second Prayer– Book – The Ordinal – The Forty– Two Articles – Character of the Government – Cranmer’s Reformation

Chapter XII
Reaction and Counter-Reaction: 1553-1559
PAGE Northumberland’s Plot – Moderation of Mary – Imprisonment of Bishops – Repeal of Ecclesiastical Laws – Wyatt’s Rebellion: its Consequences – The Married Clergy – Character of Parlia¬ment – Marriage of Philip and Mary – Gardiner – Reconcilia¬tion with Rome – Character of Mary – First Year of Persecution – Who were the Persecutors ? – Bonner and Gardiner – Unique Character of the Persecution – Resulting Reaction

Chapter XIII
The Least of the Martyrs: 1529-1556
The Martyrs’ Reward – The Reproach of Cramner – Under Henry VIII. – Cranmer and the Supremacy – His Work under Edward – His Lack of Self-Reliance – His Occasional Courage – Cranmer under Attainder – The Three Bishops at Oxford – Cranmer’s Trial and Condemnation – He asks to “confer” – Submission, Degradation, and Appeal – Third and Fourth Submissions – The Recantation – The Second Recantation – The Virtue of Courage – Last Days – St Mary’s Church – The Witness

Chapter XIV
Epilogue: The Reformation in England
Results – Two Aspects of the Reformation – Sovereignty of the Temporal Power – Becket and Cranmer – Cranmer and Com¬prehension – The Clergy and the Reformation – Comprehen¬sion and Ambiguity – Elizabeth – Rival Theories – Church and Nation Commensurate – Church Endowments – Church a Divine Institution – The Laity and the Reformation: First Stages; Under Edward; Under Mary – English Protestantism